The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the ki

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the ki

inds of market-driven reforms needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in resear

ch and development, but it should be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

Nobody likes competition against themselves. So, it must be admitted that China’s transition to a high-tech, high-

value-added economy will come as a shock to many companies around the world. The US economy, which has about 7

percent of GDP in high-tech manufacturing, will be lightly affected by this change.

On the other hand, advanced manufacturing contributes around 20 percent of GDP in Sout

h Korea, Japan, Germany and a few smaller European countries. They will be much more directly affected.

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